# Helping Students in Mathematics: Chapter One

**CHAPTER ONE**

INTRODUCTION

This chapter comprises of the background to study, the statement of the problem, purpose of the study, research question, significance of the study, delimitation, limitation, and the organization of the study.

**Background to the Study**

Without mathematics, there will be no developments in the human society. This is because Mathematics is the Science upon which all other branches of Science (Physical and social) depend in order to make progress. There is no form of advancement in any human endeavor without any form of Mathematics analysis. This is to say Mathematics occurs in everyday life.

Many discoveries and generation in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Social Science and Archeology would not have materialized if Mathematical reasoning were not to be applied said by Palling (1991), Robert (1998). Many people such as Newton, Einstein, Mandela and others applied Mathematics largely in their scientific discoveries in pharmaceutically, industries, and mathematics is employed in the calculation of the actual amount of substances required to react to a given amount of another substance in order to produce a drug. In biological industry Mathematics is used in determining the population growth rate of a certain bacteria like yeast for bread making. Also Mathematics is employed by carpenters, tailors, masons and many more to manage resource available to them.

Although Mathematics is very important in everyday life, Avenorpeme R/C Basic School pupils perform poorly in it. This was realized when the result of the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) in 2018 came out and the school had 25% as their performance in the Basic Education Certificate Education.

Also during a Mathematics lesson on the topic the sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180°. It was observed that basic seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School were not able to answer the questions given to them correctly. As a result of this, I decided to research into the causes of the poor performance by the pupils on the concept the sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180° and develop strategies to assist the pupils answer question correctly on the concept.

The researcher is based at Avenorpeme R/C Basic School in Akatsi south district in the Volta region. Avenorpeme is a small town with population of about 1500 people, where about 80% of the population (men and women) engage themselves in farming and the rest 20% are subsistence business men and women. Avenorpeme can be located at the western part of Abor, between the towns Hatorgodo and Avenorpedo in Akatsi South district of the Volta Region.

The school has a very good climate thus teacher-pupils, pupils-pupils, teacher-teacher and headmaster-teacher relationship is good.

**Statement of the Problem**

During the evaluation exercise stage of the lesson on the topic “sum of interior angles of a triangle”, it was observed that the pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic Seven (7) pupils were not able to answer questions given to them correctly. This compelled the researcher to use other teaching and learning materials (TLMs) to help improve on the pupils’ understanding of the concept.

**Purpose of the Study**

The study seeks to find out the causes of the pupils’ inability to understand the concept “sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180° and how to answer questions correctly on the topic.

Also to design an appropriate teaching and learning materials to help the basic seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School to understand the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180°

**Research Questions**

What are the causes of the inability of Basic Seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School to understand the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°?

What appropriate teaching and learning materials would be used to help the Basic Seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School to understand the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°?

**Significance of the Study**

This research will be important in the following ways;

It will help the basic seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School to be able to develop the skills of using the appropriate

methodology in answering questions based on the concept “sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180°” when two angles are given.

The research will also serve as reference for both students and teachers who may wish to use the findings of this research to solve a similar problem in the classroom elsewhere.

Again this research will also serve as the basis of conduct of future and further research of the problems that would be identified.

**Delimitation**

The scope of the research

was limited to only basic seven (7) pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School

Only on the topic “the sum of interior angles of a triangle add up to 180°” because that is the class and school I did my teaching practice.

Geographical location or School. The school is located at the part if Abor in Akatsi south district.

**Limitation**

At first, I taught of sing all the pupils in Avenorpeme R/C Basic School as the source of obtaining information for the work. In spite of this wiliness, failure of some respondents to return the filled questionnaire and may other seems to make research work ineffective.

**Organization of the Study**

This research was organized under five (5) main chapter one is the introduction. It involves the background to the study, statement of the problem. Purpose of the study and research questions. It also comprised of significance of the study, delimitation and limitation of the study.

Chapter two dealt with the review of related literature. It talks about what other authors and researchers have written about the problem under study.

Chapter three talked about the methodology of the study. It presents the research design being used, research instrument, population and sample selection, pre-intervention, intervention and post-intervention.

The fourth chapter is the result of the finding and discussing of the hidings.

The fifth chapter which is the last chapter includes summary, conclusion and the necessary recommendations.

**SOURCE: Talkingdrum.com.gh**