# Helping Students in Mathematics: Chapter four (4)

**CHAPTER FOUR**

**RESULTS, FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION**

This chapter deals with the data presentation and analysis. It has been itemized under the following headings:

Data presentation and analysis.

Description of data obtained from various instruments used.

Pertinent issues of findings that came up with the data. How the instruments and the intervention helped to arrive at findings.

Aspects of the problem addressed and those not addressed.

General outcome of the intervention.

Analysis of the Pre-Test and Post-Test

From table 1, it could be seen that 7 pupils representing 43.75% scored between 1 — 2 out of the 10 marks. 5 pupils representing 31.25% scored between 3 — 4 out of 10 marks and 4 pupils representing 25% scored between 5 — 6 out of 10 marks. None of the pupils scored above 6. This information from table 1 shows that the pupils performed very poorly in the test. As much as 80% of them scoring less than the average mark between 5 — 6, more than half of the class scored between 1 — 4 out of 10 marks.

Also, table 5 shows the results of marks obtained during the post-test. It could be seen that 2 pupils representing 12.5% scored between 5 — 6 out of 10 mark, 6 pupils representing 37.25% scored between 7 — 8 out of 10 mark and 8 pupils representing 50% scored between 9 — 10 out of 10 mark. None of the pupils scored below the pass mark of 5.

This information from table 5 shows that pupils have improved upon their performance and it was realized that the objective set has been achieved successfully.

**Description of Data Obtained From Various Instruments**

**Research Question**

What are the causes of the inability of Basic Seven Pupils of Avenorpeme R/C Basic School, to understand the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°” in mathematics? This research question was posed to guide and enable the researcher to gather enough information from the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°”.

The main instrument used by the researcher to obtain the various data was; interview. This was shown in table 3.

**Interview**

An unstructured interview was used to obtain information from the 16 pupils. The unstructured interview contributed so much because pupils have misconception about the subject that makes them not understanding the concept.

Majority of the 16 pupils declared that they do not understand the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°”.

Also the researcher deducted that his mentor (class teacher) did not use any Teaching and Learning Materials (TLMs) to teach the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°” to help the pupils to understand the lesson. The interview technique helps the researcher realize some of the causes of pupils’ problems and measures to put in place in order to solve the problem.

**Observation**

Observation is one of the method of data collection that employs vision as its main means of data.

According the Longman Worldwide Dictionary (2015), observation is the process of watching someone or something carefully for a period of time.

**Pertinent Issues that Arises in the Data Collection**.

In the first place misconception about mathematics, made them not to freely participate in the lesson despite numerous effort the researcher put in place.

Secondly, the unavailability of Teaching and Learning Materials (TLMs) made pupils to be confused the more about the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°”. Any lesson that does not involve the learners most may not be effective since mathematics concept taught in abstract create emotional conflict in the minds of pupils.

Furthermore, the pattern of the school attendance by pupils’ absentees and irregular pattern of school attendance contributed to inaccuracy of the research and low level of understanding of the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°” by pupils.

Another issue that came up was that pupils were not able to communicate effectively in the English language. Some of the pupils was not able to ask questions to express themselves in class even when they do not understand the lesson taught.

How Instruments Used Helped Arrives at Findings

The instruments used were interview, observation and test. These instruments helped the researcher to arrive at some findings.

They helped identify the causes of Avenorpeme R.C Basic Seven pupils’ inability to solve questions on total interior angles of a triangle.

The instrument also helped the researcher identify approaches to use to teach the concept of total interior angle of triangle skills development and how the approaches could be used. These became possible when the researcher employed interview and other senses during mathematics class between the pupils and their regular teacher of mathematics and also the time pupils were on break as well as testing.

The intervention put in place was appropriate and helped pupils to develop their skills on how to solve questions on total interior angles of a triangle which was clearly shown after the pre – test and post – test results were compared.

Aspect of Problems Addressed and Those not addressed

The study was able to address the problem because pupils performed better when appropriate Teaching and Learning Materials (TLMs) were used to teach the concept “the sum of interior angles of a triangle adds up to 180°”.

Nevertheless, the researcher was not able to address certain issues such as inadequate text books to the pupils about the concept. Also the researcher was not able to satisfy all the pupils’ suffering from the same problem in the school as the research is limited to a particular class.

Finally, pupils’ inability to express themselves in the English Language was not addressed because the research was not on pupils’ language.

General Outcome of the Intervention

The intervention put in place was successful and useful. The appropriateness of the design instrument contributed immensely in the post-test.

What other researchers should further address despite the fact that the research was successful through the research instrument used.

The researcher advised that in subsequent research, other research instruments should be used apart from the one in this research in order to cover a wider scope.

**SOURCE: Talkingdrum.com.gh**